Aquaculture: The Answer To Overfishing?

by Anna Mei on February 18, 2014

A man is supervising the aquaculture.

A man is supervising the aquaculture.

Overfishing has become a big problem for the world, especially in the recent years. Overfishing occurs when fish and other marine species are caught faster than they can reproduce. It is the result of an increase in human population as well as an increase in demand for seafood. If overfishing continues, it could jeopardize billions of people who rely on seafood as their primary source of food and nutrients. A lot of species of fish are disappearing very quickly due to overfishing. It is important for us to find effective ways to preserve these species as well as supplying enough seafood for people who rely on them. There are several strategies that we are currently trying in order to prevent or minimize the damage.

One technique we developed is aquafarming, also known as aquaculture. Aquaculture is cultivating freshwater or saltwater population under controlled conditions for the purpose of maintaining resources and food. Aquaculture helps to provide seafood for people. However, it also comes with many problems. Pollution is a great problem associated with aquaculture. Containing all kinds of fishes in one area can cause many diseases in addition to polluting the water. Aquaculture also takes up a lot of water space, which could cause a problem for the local areas and other people. Because aquacultures are usually near the coast, it can interfere with the living of the locals. Currently, we are finding a sustainable way to maintain aquaculture that is environmentally safe and takes up less space. One technique is to feed the species with plants and other natural food sources instead of fish meal. Also, it is important to prevent diseases and other outbreaks from happening in the aquaculture. Lastly, it is necessary to not disrupt local resources, like drinking water or interfering with their living and accessibility. Hopefully in the future with improved technology, we can advance in an aquaculture that becomes more efficient, clean, and sustainable. As of now, aquaculture provides a supply for the food sources we need but does not completely solve the overfishing crisis unless we can improve this technology.

Many government officials have noticed the danger of overfishing, therefore are stepping in to regulate to prevent this from happening. Another way that the government is trying to prevent overfishing is by having government officials limit the amount of fish that can be caught. By setting limits and helping with lowering the subsidies, it will help lower the amount of fishing that will happen. Also, establishing or setting up Marine Protected Areas (MPA) can help with overfishing. MPA are used to ban or restrict areas from fishing. Setting up more MPA can help preserve certain species that are close to being extinct. Simply monitoring the trades and the activities of fisherman can help to enforcing strict rules, which helps to preserve species in the long run.

Overall, overfishing is a big problem that we face in the US and other countries as well. We need to find a clean, efficient way to keep up with the demand. Also, it is important to keep these natural species safe and away from extinction. Hopefully people will find a better way for maintaining aquaculture. A great approach to this situation will consist of the government and people becoming more aware of this problem. Everyone can work together to help seafood last for generations.

By Anna Mei




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